Scientific evidence and justification to substantiate the concerns about ‘Fracking’ are important – below are a small number of selected web resources.
We are currently in the process of scrutinising information relating to the Dee Estuary, Cheshire, Wirral and North Wales and will upload our research as soon as possible.
Please contact FFDee if you find any resources that you think should be included here.
An Excellent piece by grass roots avtivist group Frack-Off – Wells, wells and more Wells
- CHEM Trust – Fracking Pollution: How Toxic Chemicals From Fracking Could Affect Wildlife And People In The UK And EU
Widespread fracking threatens many of our valuable wildlife sites, this technology has a high potential to pollute sensitive aquatic ecosystems and harm human health. We know from experience in the USA that fracking wells leak & accidents happen.
Dr Michael Warhurst, Gwen Buck, Philip Lightowlers – chemtrust.org.uk
- CHEM Trust – Chemical Pollution From Fracking
There is a clear potential for fracking to cause serious incidents in the UK and Europe especially as fracking is likely to be positioned closer to people as population densities are higher than in the US.
Philip J Lightowlers for CHEM Trust
- Rebutting and Responding to Criticism of the Medact Report on Fracking and Health
All substantive criticisms have been looked at in detail, but none give reason to change the conclusions and recommendations of the Medact report.
David McCoy and Patrick Saunders – Medact
- MEDACT Full UK Report – Health & Fracking
While the precise level of risk to human health is indeterminate, the health hazards involved are substantial. No assurance can be given that the (UK regulatory) system is adequately robust and protective of human and ecological health.
Dr David McCoy, Dr Patrick Saunders, Dr Frank Rugman, Mike Hill, Dr Ruth Wood, Dr Adam Law, Jake Hays, Professor George Morris, John Bisset, Dr Angela Raffle, Dr John Middleton, David Kidney – MEDACT, The Grayston Centre, 28 Charles Squre, London.
- MEDACT Shale Gas Production in England – updated public health assessment
July 07, 2016
This new report reaches broadly the same conclusions as the 2015 report Health and Fracking, however it is now supported by a much larger body of evidence published in the year since the first report was produced. In the last year over 350 academic papers of various sorts have been published, examining the impacts of high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) for shale gas on air and water quality, health, climate change, social wellbeing, economics, noise and light pollution, and seismic events. This new report updates the findings of a review of the latest evidence.
- British Medical Journal – Open Letter
The arguments against fracking on public health and ecological grounds are overwhelming. There are clear grounds for adopting the precautionary principle and prohibiting fracking.
Dr Robin Stott, Co-Chair, Climate and Health Council Professor Sue Atkinson CBE, Co-Chair, Climate and Health Counci Professor Hugh Montgomery, UCL Professor Maya Rao OBE Professor Martin McKee, LSHTM Dr Clare Gerada, GP and former Chair of RGCP Dr Christopher Birt, University of Liverpool and Christie Hospital, Manchester Professor John Yudkin, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, UCL Dr Sheila Adam, former Deputy Chief Medical Officer Professor Klim McPherson, Chair of the UK Health Forum Dr John Middleton, Vice President UKFPH Professor Alan Maryon-Davis, KCL Helen Gordon, Board Member, Climate and Health Council Dr Frank Boulton, Medact and Southampton University Dr Sarah Walpole, Academic Clinical Fellow Professor Allyson Pollock, QMUL Dr Julie Hotchkiss, Acting Director of Public Health at City of a York Council Professor Jennie Popay, Lancaster University
- MEDACT Letter to Lancashire County Council Councillors
A review of the potential health impacts of exposures to chemical and radioactive pollutants from shale gas extraction produced by Public Health England is inadequate and incomplete; and arrived at an erroneous, unsubstantiated and misleading conclusion.
- British Medical Journal – Mistaking best practices for actual practices
A focus on mostly hypothetical regulatory and engineering solutions may mistake best practices for actual practices, and supplants the empirical with the theoretical.
Adam Law, clinical assistant professor of medicine, Jake Hays, program director, Seth B Shonkoff, executive director, Madelon L Finkel, professor of clinical public health.
- Breast Cancer UK Fact Sheet: Fracking
Breast Cancer UK has strong concerns about the potentially adverse health effects of increased exposure to harmful chemicals as a result of fracking.
Breast Cancer UK
- Shale gas: an updated assessment of environmental and climate change impacts
This report explores the environmental risks and climate change implications arising from shale gas extraction. It also outlines potential UK and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the exploitation of shale reserves.
A report by researchers at the Tyndall Centre University of Manchester
- Cracks in the Facade – Water Contamination – Fractures can extend for 2500 ft and frequently to 1000ft, and can spread to neighbouring wells.
- Methane contamination of water, April 2011 – Shows very large increase of Methane up to 1km from active wells with concentrations high enough to be an explosive hazard. Heightened methane levels also found up to 4.5km from inactive wells.
- Fracking contribution to truck traffic – Trucking stats suggest that transportation related to fracking could account for 4.5% of US truck loads and 26% of tank loads
- Air samples reveals high emissions from fracking – Air samples near Denver suggest as much as 4% of methane may be leaking from fracking sites.
- Frac Focus – Chemical disclosure registry – Texas drilling operators will have to provide this site with details of chemicals and water used (starting Feb 2012)
- Greenhouse gas footprint of shale gas – Shows that shale gas has from 20% to 100% greater contribution to GHG than coal over a 20 year period, and similar effectover 100 year period. Methane leakage during production is 30% to 100% more than conventional gas.
- 2010 CO2 emissions a record high
- An assessment of climate change and environmental impacts – Tyndall Centre, Nov 2011
- A first look at EU shale gas prospects. Deutsche Bank Oct 2011 – Assessment suggests more limiting factors and higher cost in Europe than in USA so will not have nearly as significant in impact on gas prices. UK break-even costs approx twice that of US European Gas.
- Fracking boom likely to be a bubble. Huffington Post, Jan 2012
- DECC report on shale gas deposits and status of PEDL licensing, 2011
- Brit Geological Society (UCG Factsheet)2011 – Unconventional Gas factsheet – covering Shale Gas, CBM and undergound coal gasification.
Health and Community
- Concerned Health Professionals of NY – A ‘BRILLIANT’ resource of scientific reports/studies about the dangers of the Unconventional Gas Industry; this website/organisation has been se up and is run by Health Professionals in New York State.
- 2013-04-symptomatology_of_a_gas_field_Geralyn_McCarron – report form 2013 from an Australian GP who grew concerned by the symptoms of the residents of the Tara, South Queensland.
- Breast cancer links to shale gas extraction – Links cancer rates to states where shale gas extraction is prevalent
- Fractured Communities – Case studies of environmental impacts A detailed look at some of the effects of gas drilling on environment, communities and health. Based on investigations, findings, and statements of state and federal regulators.
- Drilling Impact on Human & Animal Health – a scientific paper from 2012 by Bamberger and Oswald investigating the impacts of gas drilling in the the USA.
- When the Wind Blows – A paper produced in June 2016 tracking toxic chemicals in the air surrounding gas fields and in the bodies of people living near to/downwind of these sites in Wyoming, USA
- Commons Shale Gas Debate, 3rd Nov 2011
- Energy and Climate Change Committee – Shale Gas Report, Vol 1
- Energy and Climate Change Committee – Shale Gas Report, Vol 2
Myths and Lies
- Leaked E-Mails and Reports Reveal Industry Privately Skeptical of Shale Gas
A selection of industry e-mails, internal agency documents and reports by analysts, many of whom were not authorized by their employers to communicate with The New York Times.
New York Times, Drilling Down.
- Economic Realities of Shale Gas Development in New York – Submitted in support of testimony presented at February 4th Public Forum, Albany, New York 2014.
Costs ignored by the industry are air pollution & health costs, road damage, decline in property value & the deterioration of industries crowded out or otherwise incompatible with an industrial landscape and/or risk of water, air and land contamin
- Out Of Control – Nova Scotia’s Experience with Fracking for Shale Gas
The risks were not as evident in 2007, when Triangle began work, as they are today. In 2013, no government can move ahead with shale gas development and later say, “we didn’t know there would be problems.”
Barb Harris, John Cascadden, Angela Giles, Kris MacLellan, Ken Summers, Jennifer West, Michael Whale, Nova Scotia Fracking Resource and Action Coalition
- A reality check on the shale revolution
UK Government figures for unconventional gas production are two or three times higher than the latest US figures. 70% of US shale gas comes from fields where production is either flat or in decline.
J. David Hughes – Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California 95404, USA.
- A Balance Sheet for New York State – What is New York State’s Net Equity from Shale Gas Development?
A listing of potential assets and liabilities on a single side of A4.
Jannette M. Barth, Pepacton Institute
- Memorandum submitted to Energy and Climate Change Select Comittee (SG 08)
“We do not consider there to be a risk that hydrocarbons or fracing fluid leak into shallow water aquifers as a result of the fracing process. We note there is no officially documented case of fracing causing leakage of hydrocarbons or fracing fluid…”
Cuadrilla Resources Holdings Ltd.
- Testimony to U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
p97 “To our knowledge, there have been a million wells fracked, and no documented cases of contamination of groundwater from hydraulic fracturing,”
Rex Tillerson, ExxonMobil CEO
- Evaluation of Impacts to Underground Sources of Drinking Water by Hydraulic Fracturing of Coalbed Methane Reservoirs
An internal whistleblower sharply criticized this report for its lack of scientific basis and for relying on a review panel stacked with current or former industry employees. In this report the EPA also failed to mention its own findings in 1987.